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Bruxism, also known as teeth grinding, is a dental condition characterized by excessive teeth grinding or jaw clenching, which can occur during the day or night. It can lead to many problems, including tooth wear, jaw pain, headaches, and earaches. The condition affects millions worldwide, and various factors, including stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders, can cause it. Fortunately, there are multiple instruments available that can help alleviate the symptoms of it.

1. What is bruxism?

Bruxism is a condition characterized by teeth grinding, clenching, or gnashing. It is a common dental problems that affects people of all ages and can occur during the day or night. It can lead to many issues, including tooth wear, jaw pain, headaches, and earaches. The condition can also cause sleep disturbances and lead to other health problems, such as temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ).

Several factors can contribute to bruxism, including stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders. Other factors that can cause bruxism include medications, substance abuse, and dental problems. it can also be a side effect of certain medical conditions, such as Parkinson’s and Huntington’s.


2. What are the instruments against bruxism?

There are several instruments available that can help alleviate the symptoms of bruxism. These instruments can help prevent tooth wear, reduce jaw pain, and improve sleep quality. Here are some of the most common tools used to treat bruxism.

2.1. Mouthguards

Mouthguards are the most common instrument used to treat bruxism. They are custom-fitted devices that are worn over the teeth while sleeping. Mouthguards help protect the teeth from wear and tear caused by grinding and clenching. They also help reduce jaw pain and headaches and improve sleep quality.

2.2. Nightguards

Nightguards are similar to mouthguards but explicitly designed to be worn at night. They are made of a softer material than mouthguards, and they are more comfortable to wear. Nightguards help protect the teeth from wear and tear caused by grinding and clenching while sleeping.

Custom Nightguard

2.3. Occlusal splints

Occlusal splints are devices worn over the teeth to help prevent tooth wear and reduce jaw pain. They are designed to fit over the upper or lower teeth and are made of complex, durable material. Occlusal splints can help improve the alignment of the teeth and reduce pressure on the jaw joints.

2.4. Biofeedback

Biofeedback is a technique that can be used to help reduce the symptoms of bruxism. It involves using sensors to monitor muscle activity in the jaw and neck. The sensors are connected to a computer, which provides feedback on muscle tension levels. This feedback can help individuals learn to relax their muscles and reduce the severity of bruxism.

2.5. Botox

Botox is a treatment that can be used to reduce the severity of bruxism. It involves the injection of a small amount of botulinum toxin into the muscles of the jaw. This toxin helps to relax the muscles and reduce the severity of grinding and clenching. Botox is a temporary solution for it and must be repeated every few months.


3. How to treat bruxism?

Bruxism can be treated in several ways. It’s important to note that treatment usually focuses on managing the condition rather than curing it. Here are some ways to treat bruxism:

3.1. Dental Approaches

Regular dental check-ups are essential for people who grind their teeth. Dentists may suggest wearing a mouth guard or dental splint at night to prevent damage to the teeth from grinding. In severe cases, dental correction surgery might be recommended to reshape the chewing surface of the teeth.

3.2. Stress Management

Stress and anxiety are often linked to solutions against bruxism, so stress management techniques such as yoga, meditation, regular exercise, or counseling can be beneficial.

3.3. Behavior Therapy

This can help individuals change their behavior. For example, it can help people become aware of their teeth grinding and learn how to relax their jaw muscles.

3.4. Physical Therapy

Physical Therapy includes exercises to improve jaw movement, warm compresses applied to the face to relieve tension, and other techniques to improve temporomandibular joint function.

3.5. Medications

Sometimes, medication can be used to help treat bruxism. These could include muscle relaxants before bedtime or Botox injections to weaken the muscles that cause grinding.

3.6. Lifestyle Changes

Limiting substances such as caffeine and alcohol that may increase the severity of grinding can be helpful. Avoiding chewing gum or on the end of a pen can also be beneficial as this can condition your jaw muscles to clench and increase the likelihood of grinding your teeth.

Remember, each person is unique, and treatment that works for one person may not work for another. It is essential to work closely with your dentist or healthcare provider to create a treatment plan that suits your needs.

Read More: What are oral appliances?

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Managed by Doctor TRAN NGOC TU, Ph.D. in Dentistry, Tokyo University, Japan

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  • Business registration certificate number: 0309935880, issued by the Department of Planning and Investment of Ho Chi Minh City on May 10, 2022.

  • Medical examination and treatment practice certificate number: 001272/HCM-CCHN, issued by the Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City on July 20, 2012.

  • Medical examination and treatment operation license number: 01839/SYT-GPHD, issued by the Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City on March 18, 2014.


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