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Healthy teeth are fundamental to overall well-being. Dental health plays an essential role in children’s growth, development, and quality of life. Unfortunately, dental problems in children, worldwide, especially in developing countries, tooth decay and other preventing dental problems in children are common. However, with the proper knowledge and appropriate preventive measures, protecting your child’s teeth from disease and maintaining oral health is possible.

1. Understanding Children’s Dental Problems

Common dental problems in children dentistry include tooth decay, gum disease, dental injuries, and orthodontic problems. Tooth decay, or dental caries or cavities, is the most prevalent. It occurs when the bacteria in the mouth convert sugars from food into acid, which gradually erodes the tooth’s enamel, leading to holes or cavities.

Early Childhood Caries (ECC), commonly known as baby bottle decay, is a severe form of tooth decay that affects infants and toddlers. It often occurs when a child frequently has a sugary drink (like milk, fruit juice, or formula) in a bottle or sippy cup, especially at bedtime.

Gum disease in children can result in red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Not treated promptly can lead to more serious conditions, like periodontitis. Dental injuries, such as chipped or knocked-out teeth, are also common in children due to falls or sports activities.

dental problems in children

2. Implementing Good Oral Hygiene Practices

Good oral hygiene is the cornerstone of dental problems in children. It can prevent most dental problems, including tooth decay and gum disease. Here’s how you can help your child maintain good oral hygiene:

2.1. Regular Brushing

Start brushing your child’s teeth as soon as the first tooth appears. For children under three years, use a smear of fluoride toothpaste (about the size of a grain of rice). Use a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste for children aged three to six.

2.2. Flossing

Start flossing your child’s teeth when two teeth touch each other. Teach them to floss every day.

2.3. Regular Dental Check-ups

Take your child to the dentist for a regular dental check-up, ideally every six months, starting from their first birthday. The dentist can detect potential dental problems early and provide appropriate treatment.

kid brushing teeth

3. Promoting a Healthy Diet

Diet plays a significant role in dental health. Consuming too many sugary foods and drinks can lead to tooth decay. Here’s how you can promote a tooth-friendly diet:

3.1. Limit Sugary Foods and Drinks

Limit your child’s consumption of sugary foods and drinks, such as candy, cookies, soda, and fruit juice.

3.2. Encourage Healthy Eating

Encourage your child to eat a balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and dairy products. These foods are not only good for overall health, but they also help to keep teeth and gums healthy.

3.3. Promote Water Consumption

Encourage your child to drink plenty of water, particularly fluoridated water, which can help prevent tooth decay.

4. Some other suggestions

4.1. Avoiding Baby Bottle Decay Preventing baby bottle decay is crucial for maintaining your infant’s dental health. Here’s how you can avoid it:

4.2. Never put your baby to bed with a bottle filled with milk, formula, juice, or any other sweet drink.

4.3. Don’t use a bottle or sippy cup as a pacifier.

4.4. Start teaching your child to drink from a cup immediately. Aim to stop using bottles entirely by their first birthday.

4.5. Dentistry for babies,  dental injuries can be painful and may cause long-term damage. Here’s how you can prevent them:

4.5.1. Use a car seat for your child and always buckle them in securely.

4.5.2. If your child participates in sports activities, ensure they wear a mouthguard.

4.5.3. Childproof your home to prevent falls and other accidents.

Dental problems in children are preventable with the suitable measures. You can protect your child’s teeth and ensure their oral health by implementing good oral hygiene practices, promoting a healthy diet, avoiding baby bottle decay, and preventing dental injuries.

Regular dental check-ups are vital to detect potential dental problems in children early and provide appropriate treatment. Remember, a healthy smile is a significant part of a child’s health and well-being.

Managed by Doctor TRAN NGOC TU, Ph.D. in Dentistry, Tokyo University, Japan

Monday – Saturday:

8h – 12h; 14h – 20h
8h – 12h

  • Business registration certificate number: 0309935880, issued by the Department of Planning and Investment of Ho Chi Minh City on May 10, 2022.

  • Medical examination and treatment practice certificate number: 001272/HCM-CCHN, issued by the Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City on July 20, 2012.

  • Medical examination and treatment operation license number: 01839/SYT-GPHD, issued by the Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City on March 18, 2014.


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