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1. What is periodontal disease and its different stages?

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is a common oral health condition affecting the gums and surrounding tissues. Bacteria in the mouth cause it and can range from mild to severe.

Understanding the different stages of periodontal disease and the available treatment options is crucial to maintaining good oral health.

Periodontal disease begins with gingivitis, the mildest form of gum disease. Gingivitis is often caused by poor oral hygiene, allowing plaque to build up along the gumline. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, the more severe form of gum disease.

2. What are the different types of periodontal disease?

We will now explore the various types of periodontal and their implications.

2.1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal. Although gingivitis is reversible with proper oral hygiene practices and professional dental cleanings, it can progress to more severe forms of periodontal disease if left untreated.


2.2. Chronic periodontitis

Chronic periodontitis is the most common form of periodontal disease.

2.3. Aggressive periodontitis

Aggressive periodontitis is a more severe periodontal typically affecting young individuals. This type of periodontal disease requires prompt and aggressive treatment to prevent further damage.

2.4. Periodontitis

Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases. Some systemic diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, and HIV/AIDS, can contribute to the development and progression of periodontal disease.

2.5. Necrotizing periodontal disease

Necrotizing periodontal disease is a rare but severe form of gum disease. It is characterized by the death of gum tissue, resulting in painful ulcers and the formation of a characteristic “punched-out” appearance.

It is crucial to remember that prevention is the best approach to periodontal disease. Maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups, can significantly reduce the risk of developing gum disease.

Addressing systemic health issues and adopting a healthy lifestyle can also promote optimal oral health.

3. What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?

Recognizing the symptoms of periodontal is crucial for early intervention and effective treatment. We will discuss the symptoms of periodontal disease at both mild and severe levels.

3.1. Mild Level Symptoms

3.1.1. Gum Inflammation

One of the first signs of periodontal is red, swollen, and tender gums.

3.1.2. Bleeding Gums

Healthy gums should not bleed during brushing or flossing. If you notice blood in the sink after brushing or flossing, it may indicate gum disease.

3.1.3. Bad Breath

Persistent bad breath, also known as halitosis, can be a symptom of periodontal.

The bacteria that cause gum disease release foul-smelling gases as they multiply.

poor breath

3.1.4. Gum Recession

As the disease progresses, the gums may start to recede or pull away from the teeth, exposing the tooth roots. This can make the teeth appear longer and lead to tooth sensitivity.

3.1.5. Formation of Pockets

The infected gums can form deep pockets around the teeth, which serve as a breeding ground for more bacteria.

A dental professional can only detect these pockets during a thorough examination.

3.2. Severe Level Symptoms

3.2.1. Loose Teeth

As periodontal advances, the infection can destroy the supporting structures of the teeth, including the bone. This can cause the teeth to become loose or shift in position.

3.2.2. Pain and Discomfort

Advanced gum disease can cause pain and discomfort, especially while chewing or biting.

3.2.3. Abscess

Pus-filled pockets or abscesses may develop between the teeth and gums. These can cause severe pain, swelling, and a foul taste in the mouth.

3.2.4. Changes in Bite

When the teeth become loose or shift, it can change the bite pattern.

3.2.5. Systemic Health Complications

Periodontal disease has been linked to systemic health conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, respiratory infections, and preterm birth.

4. How is periodontal disease diagnosed?

Dental professionals use several methods and tools to diagnose periodontal disease. These diagnostic techniques help determine the severity of the disease and guide the appropriate treatment plan.

4.1. Clinical Examination

The first step in diagnosing periodontal disease is a thorough clinical examination by a dental professional.

4.2. Probing

Probing is an essential part of the diagnostic process. A periodontal probe, a small, thin instrument, is used to measure the depth of the periodontal pockets. Probing helps determine the severity of the disease and the extent of gum and bone damage.

4.3. X-rays

X-rays, or radiographs, are commonly used to diagnose periodontal. X-rays help determine the stage of periodontal disease and aid in developing an appropriate treatment plan.

4.4. Periodontal Charting and Other Diagnostic Tools

In some cases, additional diagnostic tools may be used to assess the severity of periodontal disease, such as Genetic Testing and Biopsy.

5. What are the treatment options for periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease affects millions of people worldwide. Left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss and other serious health complications. Thankfully, several treatment options are available for periodontal disease, ranging from mild to severe.

5.1. Professional Dental Cleaning

The first line of defense against periodontal disease is professional dental cleaning, scaling, and root planning. This procedure involves the removal of plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line.

5.2. Improved Oral Hygiene

Along with professional cleaning, maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial in treating periodontal.

5.3. Antibiotic Therapy

Dentists may sometimes prescribe antibiotics to help combat the infection-causing periodontal.

5.4. Periodontal Surgery

When periodontal reaches an advanced stage, surgical intervention may be necessary.

5.5. Laser Therapy

Laser-assisted periodontal therapy is a minimally invasive alternative to traditional surgery.

5.6. Ongoing Maintenance

Regardless of the severity of the disease, ongoing maintenance is crucial to prevent recurrence.

Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are essential to monitor the condition and ensure oral health. Dentists may recommend more frequent visits and specialized cleanings, such as periodontal maintenance cleanings, to manage and control the disease.

Ongoing maintenance is crucial to prevent recurrence and maintain healthy gums.

If you suspect you have periodontal, it is essential to consult with our dentists. At Sakura Dental Clinic, we can adequately diagnose and recommend the most appropriate treatment plan for your needs.

Read More: What is Periondontics?

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Managed by Doctor TRAN NGOC TU, Ph.D. in Dentistry, Tokyo University, Japan

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  • Business registration certificate number: 0309935880, issued by the Department of Planning and Investment of Ho Chi Minh City on May 10, 2022.

  • Medical examination and treatment practice certificate number: 001272/HCM-CCHN, issued by the Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City on July 20, 2012.

  • Medical examination and treatment operation license number: 01839/SYT-GPHD, issued by the Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City on March 18, 2014.


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