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1. Why do I need to have my wisdom teeth removed?

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last teeth to erupt in your mouth, usually between the ages of 17 and 25. These teeth are located in the back of your mouth and can cause severe discomfort. While some people never have trouble with their wisdom teeth, others need them removed. But why is that? Here, we explain why you may need to have your wisdom teeth extracted.

1.1. Impact force due to wisdom teeth

The most common reason for wisdom tooth extraction is the force of the impact. This happens when the mouth has insufficient space for wisdom teeth to erupt or grow properly. When a wisdom tooth erupts, it may develop on the side of the adjacent tooth (second molar) or in the back of the mouth. Sometimes, it can even grow perpendicular to other teeth.

Impacted wisdom teeth like these can cause several problems. For example, they can damage other teeth. An erupting wisdom tooth can push into the second molar, causing damage and potentially leading to infection or the need for orthodontic treatment.

1.2. Infections and tooth decay

Affected wisdom teeth can also lead to infection. Because they are deep in the mouth, wisdom teeth can be challenging to clean properly. This can lead to bacteria buildup, causing gum disease and mouth infections.

1.3. Cysts or tumors

A more severe problem can occur when a cyst or tumor forms around an erupting wisdom tooth. These can cause damage to healthy jawbone and teeth. In some cases, removal of teeth and cysts is necessary to prevent further bone loss.

1.4. Joint problems

Even if your wisdom teeth are not affected, they may need to be removed if your mouth is too crowded. If these teeth don’t have room to grow properly, they can cause your other teeth to shift, disturbing their natural alignment and leading to bite problems.

1.5. Pain and discomfort

Ultimately, wisdom teeth may need to be removed just because they cause discomfort or pain. This could be due to any of the issues mentioned above.

In summary, there are many reasons why you might need to have your wisdom teeth removed, ranging from the lack of space in your mouth and the risk of infection to preventing damage to other teeth. It’s important to remember that everyone is different – while some people may have no problems with their wisdom teeth, others will need to extract them. Regular dental visits with your dentist will help monitor the condition of your wisdom teeth and help decide if extractions are required.


wisdom teeth

2. How long will the wisdom tooth extraction procedure take?

The answer to this question can vary considerably depending on a number of factors, including the number of wisdom teeth that need to be extracted, the extraction’s complexity, and the patient’s overall health.

2.1. Number of wisdom teeth to be extracted

The first factor affecting the procedure time is the number of wisdom teeth needing removal. The procedure can take as little as 20-30 minutes if only one tooth is needed. However, the extraction procedure can take up to 2 hours if all four wisdom teeth are extracted. It is important to note that this time estimate includes the time it takes for anesthesia to take effect.

2.2. The complexity

The complexity of the extraction also plays a vital role in determining the duration of the procedure. Once the tooth has fully erupted and is in its usual position, a simple wisdom tooth extraction may take less time. However, a tooth buried in gum tissue or bone or at an awkward angle may require more complex extraction surgery. This may involve cutting the gums to expose the teeth, removing the bone around the teeth, and possibly breaking the teeth into pieces for removal. Such procedures usually take longer, often lasting up to an hour or more per tooth.

2.3. The patient’s overall health

The patient’s overall health can also affect the duration of the procedure. For example. a patient with an underlying health condition may require additional steps or precautions, which may prolong the procedure.

2.4. Recovery time

Although the extraction process can take up to several hours, it should be noted that the recovery process is also part of the process. After mining, the initial recovery usually takes about two weeks. During this time, new bone and gum tissue will grow into the space where wisdom teeth are located. Following your dentist’s instructions on post-procedure care is important to ensure a smooth and quick recovery.

In question 5 below, we will fully explain the recovery process after wisdom tooth extraction.

In summary, the time of a tooth extraction procedure can vary widely, from as little as 20 minutes for a simple extraction to several hours for a more complex one. It’s best to discuss your situation with your local surgeon Sakura, who can give a more accurate time estimate based on your circumstances. It is important to remember that each patient is unique, and therefore, each extraction procedure is tailored to the specific needs and conditions of the patient.

wisdom tooth extraction

3. How long will it take for me to recover from wisdom tooth extraction?

After wisdom tooth surgery, recovery time can vary from person to person.

3.1. Initial recovery phase

The initial healing period usually lasts one to two weeks after tooth extraction. You may experience swelling, pain, and discomfort in your mouth and jaw during this time. These typical symptoms can be controlled with over-the-counter pain relievers or prescription medications.

For the first few days after the procedure, you’ll need to rest and avoid any strenuous activity that could dislodge blood clots that form at the extraction site, leading to a painful condition known as a dry socket. . You should also eat soft foods to avoid irritating the extraction area.

3.2. Full recovery phase

Complete healing is when the extraction site closes entirely and returns to normal, taking anywhere from a few months to six months. This time varies greatly depending on several factors, including the complexity of the extraction, the number of teeth extracted, and your overall health.

3.3. Factors that can affect your recovery time

Several factors can affect your recovery time after wisdom tooth extraction.

3.3.1. The complexity of tooth extraction

If your wisdom teeth are fully grown and easily accessible, your recovery may be quicker than if your teeth were impacted or required a more complicated surgical procedure.

3.3.2. Your age

Younger patients tend to recover faster than older patients.

3.3.3. Your overall health

If you are in good health, your recovery may be faster. Conversely, if you have underlying health conditions, such as diabetes or a weakened immune system, your recovery may take longer.

3.3.4. Dental hygiene

Keeping the mouth clean after tooth extraction is essential to prevent infection and promote healing.

3.4. Few ways to speed up recovery

While you can’t control all the factors that affect your recovery time, you can do a few things to speed up your recovery.

3.4.1. Follow your dentist’s post-operative instructions

This may include taking prescription medications, applying ice to reduce swelling, avoiding certain foods, and being too active, as outlined above.

3.4.2. Maintain good oral hygiene

Gargle with warm salt water several times daily to clean the extraction site and prevent infection.

3.4.3. Eat a healthy diet

Consuming nutrient-rich foods can promote healing. Eat soft foods for the first few days after surgery.

3.4.4. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol

Both can slow healing and increase the risk of complications.

3.4.5. Rest and stay hydrated

Getting enough sleep and staying hydrated can aid recovery.

In summary, while the initial recovery time after wisdom tooth extraction is usually one to two weeks, complete healing can take up to six months. You should follow your doctor’s instructions, listen to your body, and let it rest during recovery.

4. Can I eat anything after having my wisdom teeth removed?

After wisdom tooth extraction, your dentist will likely give you a list of dietary recommendations.

4.1. Immediately after spitting

Immediately after wisdom tooth extraction, you should avoid eating solid foods, hot drinks, and alcoholic beverages. The anesthetic used during surgery will numb your mouth, and you may accidentally bite your cheek or tongue. Drinking hot beverages can also burn your mouth because you may be unable to measure your temperature accurately due to numbness and the bleeding might be happened again.

4.2. After 24 to 48 hours

During the first 24 to 48 hours after wisdom tooth extraction, your diet consists mainly of liquid and soft foods. This may include foods such as yogurt, pudding, and soups (eat warm, not hot); you can also take smoothies and protein shakes, making sure they’re not too cold and don’t contain any particles or debris that could get stuck in the area where the tooth was extracted.

Avoid using a straw when consuming these liquids because suction can dislodge a blood clot at the extraction site.

4.3. After 72 hours and so on

After 72 hours, you can start introducing semi-soft foods into your diet. Foods such as mashed potatoes, eggs, or pasta can be consumed freely. When the healing process As the wound progresses, you can add more solid foods, but make sure to keep them small and easy to chew.

Until your mouth is completely healed, which can take up to two weeks, avoid hard, crunchy, spicy, or chewy foods that can irritate the extraction area. Also, avoid alcoholic beverages and coffee, as they can interfere with healing.

Read More: What is primary tooth extraction?

Managed by Doctor TRAN NGOC TU, Ph.D. in Dentistry, Tokyo University, Japan

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